This is the week of the All Hallows Eve, so what a great time to launch a Screwtape series on A Pilgrim in Narnia. Over the next three weeks we will look at The Screwtape Letters from different angles. On Wednesday I will be presenting my ground-breaking research on the lost original preface to Screwtape.
As many readers know, The Screwtape Letters launched C.S. Lewis’ career as a popular Christian writer. A decade before Narnia, England and America found themselves enthralled by Lewis’ voice on radio and in print. Screwtape was a runaway bestseller and C.S. Lewis became a household name.
Not only did Lewis find his way to stardom because of Screwtape, but a new genre of literature began. For hundreds of years, epistolary fiction has been a key way of telling stories. What Lewis began was a tradition of demonic epistolary fiction. Today there are dozens of Screwtape copycats—some of which I’ve featured here. From the very beginning there was an instinct for fans to try out their own demonic letters.
How early was this instinct? I once thought that the first Screwtape copycat was the mystery writer, Dorothy L. Sayers, who sent Lewis a fan letter in Screwtapian form in 1943. I’ll feature that letter next Monday. A year earlier, though, Charles Williams wrote a review of The Screwtape Letters for Time & Tide magazine. Instead of a standard form review, Williams wrote a letter from the demon Snigsnozzle to his colleague Scorpuscle.
Here is that Snigsnozzle letter-review in full. Beyond the clever review from Screwtape’s upside down angle (informing the reader while being bent against that purpose), it also includes some frightful uses of the semi-colon and hell-length sentences. I hope you enjoy!
My dearest Scorpuscle:
I have eagerly swallowed your suggestion; let us have an Official Investigation. The idea is delicious. I sometimes think we have too little formality through all the ten kingdoms of hell; we are too impatient to enjoy delay. But an Official Investigation offers such an exquisite development of injustice that it has to be prolonged. And the slowly eviscerated victims….
Of the publication of these letters I take the most serious view. Letters from devil to devil are not meant for earth. Screwtape himself is a hungry and wily old centipede of a fiend. I gather that the recipient of the letters, Wormwood, was his nephew—so to call it; one of those ancient affairs with Screwtape lusting after himself as a succubus, I believe, but the fashion has passed here, though (largely by our perversion of the human’s love-affairs) we have kept such spiritual self-indulgence going on earth. You know it is one of the painful necessities of Hell that we are compelled by Our Father Below to do what we can for the common good (which means his good—O his venom, Scorpuscle, his venom!), as much as we hate it. So Screwtape was forced to give Wormwood the best advice he could on the temptations adequate to an ordinary human soul.
He has done it very well—too well. How the human whom Wormwood was tempting escaped us, I cannot think. I took the trouble to devitalize myself so as to read them with as near a human brain as I could, and I am alarmed. If many of the wretches read them, we must be prepared for a serious increase in virtue. They give everything away. In defining our attack Screwtape has had to define man’s defense. I hope the usual measures have been taken to cause the letters to be admired on earth for their wit, their psychology, their invention; and then the routine suggestion promulgated that the book should be put right away by readers on a shelf with any other writings by Lewis—whoever Lewis is. He is called ‘Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford.’ This I can hardly believe. The Oxford I knew could have been enough tempted by the contemptible Wormwood even without advice. If Oxford is turning virtuous… We must certainly discover how these letters got out. Do not ever let them be re-read.
As you know, my own duties have not been primarily concerned with Earth, and I have learnt a good deal from this perusal. Screwtape is really very clever. I am inclined to feel that the best counterirritant to their publication would be to make the infernal text a primer in our Training College. Screwtape talks of it; I don’t know it, but it must need new death breathed into it. I did wonder if you and I could make it seem that Screwtape had been getting hold of our ideas; Wormwood would say anything to get away from his present everlasting perishing under his uncle’s claws. Let us feel about it.
Among the topics that alarm me most in Screwtape’s grasp of the (to devils like us) hostile nature of pleasure. Our Enemy, he up there, “has made the pleasures; all our research so far has not enabled us to produce one.” If the humans once realize that, sooner or later, all virtue is ordered delight, our cause is in serious danger. Similarly, his comment on the value we have given to the word Puritanism. It “is one of the really solid triumphs of the last hundred years. By it we rescue annually thousands of humans from temperance, chastity, and sobriety of life.” Infernally true, but they must not know it. We may certainly hope to do a good deal (by an opposite trick) with the word Humanism, but we ought to be able to make play with both. Thus chastity is Puritan but fornication is humane – and so on. Screwtape, I see, admired the Philological Arm for managing to substitute our negative Unselfishness for the Enemy’s positive Charity. I will cause that Arm to examine the book.
The pages on humility are also very bad reading for us—though I should like to know if this unspeakable louse Lewis enjoys other people’s writings as much as he does his own (I see he has written books himself, as well as stealing ours). This projected notion of our Enemy’s that man must not think too much about himself is the kind of outworn imbecility that has received new energy from what Screwtape properly calls “that discreditable episode known as the Incarnation.” Discreditable indeed—a low trick—an abominable unfair breach of the laws of spiritual warfare. And why can’t we do it? Why, Scorpuscle, can’t we get into their flesh? Not that one wants to; the vision revolts me; but it would be our duty. I should undertake it reluctantly, but I would undertake it. There—the lowest, the nastiest, the hatefullest gate into man’s nature, and we cannot even find it! Yet he, he up there, did it. Our Father Below is said himself to have tried it once or twice, but it is the one thing he never speaks of—when he does speak; coherently, I mean, of course; his breathless whispers go on all the time, drawing us in, drawing us…
I am giddy. I will not now write more. It is a dangerous book, heavenly-dangerous. I hate it, this give-away of hell; so do you-don’t you? Don’t you? Or don’t you? Are you a traitor to Hell? No, no, of course you aren’t, curse you. It is the giddiness; you know what the steak of the abyss does; it makes us feel terror everywhere. I must get a way—only in Hell one cannot get away.
Your sincere friend,
P.S.—You will send someone to see after Lewis? – some very clever fiend?
In terra tenebrosa, die icognita. [in a dark land, in a secret time]
Reblogged this on Talmidimblogging.
Excellent. As one who has experimented with the genre myself, I’m especially eager to see your ongoing exploration of the subject.
You’ll like Wednesday’s post.
I once came across some military Screwtape posts–was that you?
That may be the most creative review I have ever seen. I look forward to the rest of this series.
LikeLiked by 1 person
What a great idea to have this series around Halloween! Love it!
Thanks! Enjoy the rest of the series!
Pingback: A Cosmic Find in The Screwtape Letters | A Pilgrim in Narnia
I was puzzled by “steak of the abyss”. Perhaps a typo for “steam”?
I was too, but if you switch “steak” for “dinner” or “treats” or even “meat” it kind of makes sense.
Pingback: Why Didn’t Someone See it First? Discussing the Screwtape-Ransom Discovery | A Pilgrim in Narnia
Pingback: Dorothy Sayers’ Sluckdrib Letter: Not The First Screwtape Copycat … But Close | A Pilgrim in Narnia
Reblogged this on The Oddest Inkling and commented:
Charles Williams wrote a “Screwtape Letter!” And Brenton Dickieson blogged about it.
Pingback: Teaching Screwtape for a New Generation: My Conference Talk & Paper | A Pilgrim in Narnia
“We must certainly discover how these letters got out.” And you discovered it – it was all Ransom’s fault! (Hmm… could Williams have seen/heard the Ransom-draft-version?)
Ha, that’s clever! I hadn’t made that connection.
I probably need to read Perelandra and THS again, carefully, to see if there is any evidence, but this context suddenly got me wondering – do/can the readers know if there is an explicit demonic ‘targeting’ of Ransom after the events in Out of the Silent Planet (and after the Screwtape ‘correspondence interception’)?
I don’t think so, except we see that in the beginning of ch. 2 (I think), Ransom is aware of their activity and I assume feels it in some way. He moves beyond that concern, I think.
Thanks! That sounds like what I had some sense of, before I suddenly wondered if I had been missing important details. His moving beyond that concern is a nice bit of characterization. (The Ransom formed by the experiences of OSP, actively involved with good angels, in contrast to the “patient” in Screwtape, who never realizes he is at all until the moment of death. It makes me think of another WWII parallel – the apt person being recruited for ‘special operations’ of one sort or another, and faithfully accepting and acting on that. Compare, perhaps, the film ‘Pimpernel’ Smith (1941) for a contemporary fictional treatment – though I suppose “His Last Bow. The War Service of Sherlock Holmes” (1917) is a classic in the background of any such stories.)
Confession: I have not read any Sherlock, though I like the new series.
I wonder if the same kind of parallel is the parallel about war. You take a suburban kid who has not even euthanized a cat and you set him to the task of killing other suburban kids. At some point he (and we’ve almost always sent boys to the field to die, and girls to the birthing bed) chooses to live, chooses to kill. There is a mental shift that takes place. Perhaps it’s like that.
It is interesting that Ransom, like Tolkien and Lewis, (and, say, Lord Peter Wimsey) and unlike Williams, is a war veteran: presumably this has its (complex) contribution to his further experiences and tasks.
LikeLiked by 1 person
Having read Grevel Lindop’s biography of Williams, I am struck in a new way by Snigsnozzle’s attention to “that discreditable episode known as the Incarnation” and his asking ” Why, Scorpuscle, can’t we get into their flesh?” and saying “Our Father Below is said himself to have tried it once or twice, but it is the one thing he never speaks of”.
Grevel reports that in February 1941, Williams postponed working on his contribution (The Forgiveness of Sins) to the series for which Lewis wrote The Problem of Pain, to write a play which “had its origin in an idea which had cropped up during his lectures on Paradise Lost: that ‘Satan was obsessed by the idea of becoming incarnate’.” The play was finished in early April. This play took up an idea he had discussed on 26 September 1940 for his eighth novel: “the ‘lost archangel’ wanting to get in” – that is, into “matter”. Now, on 16 April 1941, he told a friend of his idea for the novel: the Devil trying to beget Antichrist “in the flesh, and failing”. But he seems only to have returned to it in June 1943: the novel was tentatively entitled Clarissa after the psychic detective helping her uncle (assistant Commissioner at Scotland Yard) investigating a corpse which suddenly dissolved into a small pool of water “held together by a dusty scum”. She deduces “the devil is trying to make a body”. This form – a draft of which was published in Mythlore (1970-72) with the first-chapter title taken as that of the whole (“The Noises That Weren’t There”) – was abandoned by mid-September and the novel started over as the eighth novel as we know it, All Hallows’ Eve.
All this devil-trying-to-get-into-matter/flesh writing activity brackets the periodical (2 May – 28 Nov. 1941) and book publications of The Screwtape Letters – Williams’s Snigsnozzle review appeared on 21 March 1942. With that review, we get a glimpse of Williams’s continuing attention (on some level) to that theme during this intervening period. As you note in today’s post, the action of The Screwtape Letters is emphatically taking place during the War. In both September 1940 and April 1941, Williams connected the attempts of the devil trying “to get in” and beget Antichrist with the result of “wars and tumults.”
I read about “The Noises that Weren’t There” in Diana Glyer’s “The Company They Keep.”
Your work there supports Grevel’s idea that this incarnational notion was rolling around CW’s brain. I wouldn’t have made the connection.
It was something he had attended to, and even published on, before – I think of “Ballad of Material Things” (1920):
– but in the context of play unperformed and novel unwritten, I think it may have been rolling round in his brain with especial liveliness (there may even be a special wink in the review to Lewis – and the other Inklings – if he had read play or discussed novel with them).
LikeLiked by 1 person
Pingback: 2015: A Year in Books | A Pilgrim in Narnia
Pingback: Yatta! Chronological Reading of C.S. Lewis Complete | A Pilgrim in Narnia
Pingback: Why I Read C.S. Lewis Chronologically | A Pilgrim in Narnia
Pingback: Fun With Stats 1: Lessons on Growth from 5 Years of Blogging | A Pilgrim in Narnia
Pingback: 6 Christian(ish) Books for your 2018 reading list – Priestwife
Pingback: The Periods of C.S. Lewis’ Literary Life | A Pilgrim in Narnia
Pingback: The C.S. Lewis Studies Series: Where It’s Going and How You Can Contribute | A Pilgrim in Narnia
Pingback: “The 80th Anniversary of C.S. Lewis’ The Screwtape Letters” by Brenton Dickieson | A Pilgrim in Narnia