A WWI-era L.M. Montgomery Timeline

I am preparing a paper proposal for The L.M. Montgomery Institute’s Fourteenth Biennial Conference at the University of Prince Edward Island (25-28 June 2020; CFP due 16 Aug 2019). In my Montgomery reading, as much as I love the first Anne of Green Gables and the later Emily books, I have chosen to focus on the trilogy of Anne books set in Glen St. Mary (New London, PE): Anne’s House of Dreams (1917), Rainbow Valley (1919), and Rilla of Ingleside (1920). Though there is only a hint of the storm on the horizon, the first world war haunts through these books, and Rilla is a brilliant account of WWI from the perspective of the women left at home. These are courageous books, full of pain and contrast, but also a sense of billowing goodness and light.

To help me think about these books I wanted a closer look at L.M. Montgomery‘s biography. Her journals during the war track intimate details of campaigns in Europe and Asia. As such, they can be read closely with Rilla of Ingleside, almost as if they were writing notes rather than the painful obsession of a worried mother and minister’s wife. The first part of the war was also when Montgomery, a late-in-life mother in the age before modern medicine–suffered a terrible pregnancy with ended in a stillbirth. The sorrows of loss, combined with illness and the pressures of social life as a minister’s wife, combined with troubles from her American publisher to make 1916 a torturous year for this famous but secluded author. The tensions built throughout the entire period before finally breaking in 1917, as if the passing into a new year was also a renewal of life. Montgomery wrote in her journal on Thurs, Oct 5, 1916:

“Today I finished Anne’s House of Dreams. I never wrote a book in so short a time and amid so much strain of mind and body. Yet I rather enjoyed it and I think it isn’t too bad a piece of work. I am glad it is done however. It has taken a lot out of me.”

There would be other pains ahead, including increasing illness, the worries about what was happening in the theatres of war, the loss of local boys on the front lines, increasing threats of lawsuits from her publisher that would dominate her life in the 1920s, and ultimately the loss of her closest friend to Spanish Flu and the beginning of her husband’s lifelong battle with debilitating mental illness. These three Glen St. Mary books are a testimony in fiction to Montgomery’s life in the period.

In order to help me think about these great events–both in the context of WWI and in the mundane moments of Montgomery’s daily life and writing–I decided to create a short timeline of the period.

This WWI-era timeline is not (yet) an infographic (like this one of C.S. Lewis’ major talks), but it does help us think about culture and writing. The publication dates might be off by a week or two as they were harder to get specified details on. I relied heavily on The Selected Journals of L.M. Montgomery: Volume II: 1910-1921, edited by Mary Rubio and Elizabeth Waterston. I have shaded the timeline to the Canadian experience of the war, and would like to fill out more detail about the writing periods. Meanwhile, I hope this is useful to Montgomery readers and researchers.

Before the War

Nov 30, 1874, born in Clifton, PE

Aug 30, 1908, Anne of Green Gables published by L.C. Page

Dec 20, 1909, Anne of Avonlea published by L.C. Page

Apr 1, 1910, Kilmeny of the Orchard published by L.C. Page

May 1, 1911, The Story Girl published by L.C. Page

Jul 20, 1911, marries Rev. Ewan MacDonald

Jun 1, 1912, Chronicles of Avonlea published by L.C. Page

Sep 22, 1912, gives birth to Chester

Sep 1, 1913, The Golden Road published by L.C. Page (writing period: Apr 30, 1912-May 21, 1913)


Aug 4, 1914, Great Britain declares war on Germany

Aug 13, 1914, Hugh Alexander dies at birth

Jul 1, 1915, Anne of the Island (writing period: Sep 1, 1913-Nov 20, 1914, esp. Apr 18-Nov 20, 1914)

May 18, 1915, gives birth to Stuart

Oct 5, 1916, completed the writing of Anne’s House of Dreams

Nov 1, 1916, The Watchman and Other Poems published by McClelland, Goodchild & Stewart

Aug 24, 1917, Anne’s House of Dreams published by McClelland & Stewart (writing period: Jun 16-Oct 5, 1916)

Apr 6, 1917, US enters WWI

Apr 9-12, 1917, Battle of Vimy Ridge

Jun-Nov, 1917, Montgomery writes the story of her “career” for Everywoman’s World, later published as The Alpine Path (1974)

Oct 26-Nov 10, 1917, Battle of Passchendaele

Dec 19, 1917, Montgomery votes for the first time as women’s suffrage extends during WWI

Nov 11, 1918, Armistice declared, WWI ends


After the War

Jan 22, 1919, Montgomery’s closed friend, Frede, dies of Spanish Flu

Sep 1, 1919, Rainbow Valley published by McClelland & Stewart (finished writing: Dec 24, 1918)

Oct 23, 1919, Ewan has a severe attack of “religious melancholy”

Sep 1, 1920, Rilla of Ingleside, a book about WWI, published by McClelland & Stewart (began writing, Mar 11, 1919)

Mar 1, 1920, Further Chronicles of Avonlea published by L.C. Page without Montgomery’s consent

Jul 4, 1920, series of lawsuits with L.C. Page begins, resolving on Nov 7, 1928 with a $15,000USD payout to Montgomery

Apr 24, 1941, dies at her home in Toronto; buried in Cavendish, PE

About Brenton Dickieson

“A Pilgrim in Narnia” is a blog project in reading and talking about the work of C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, and the worlds they touched. As a "Faith, Fantasy, and Fiction" blog, we cover topics like children’s literature, apologetics and philosophy, myths and mythology, fantasy, theology, cultural critique, art and writing. This blog includes my thoughts as I read through Lewis and Tolkien and reflect on my own life and culture. In this sense, I am a Pilgrim in Narnia--or Middle Earth, or Fairyland. I am often peeking inside of wardrobes, looking for magic bricks in urban alleys, or rooting through yard sale boxes for old rings. If something here captures your imagination, leave a comment, “like” a post, share with your friends, or sign up to receive Narnian Pilgrim posts in your email box. Brenton Dickieson is a father, husband, friend, university lecturer, and freelance writer from Prince Edward Island, Canada. You can follow him on Twitter, @BrentonDana.
This entry was posted in Canadian literature, L.M. Montgomery and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

23 Responses to A WWI-era L.M. Montgomery Timeline

  1. David Llewellyn Dodds says:

    Thank you for this! (What an under-detailed sense of her life I find I have had, reading it!) Best wishes with what sounds a very interesting undertaking (inadequate phrase!). I am always keen (if, sadly, not equally assiduous) to learn about ‘home-front’ war-time experience, especially where the First and Second World Wars are concerned – and to read fiction produced under such circumstances.


    • And Rilla of Ingleside is a great example of this from a Canadian women’s perspective, the best from what I know of WWI.
      Intriguingly, the timeline I made … will soon be obsolete. The LM Montgomery Institute is doing a better one!


  2. Pingback: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe is the UK’s Favourite Book | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  3. Pingback: L.M. Montgomery on the Love of Trees, and Hurricane Dorian | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  4. Pingback: Update, with Fundraiser Link: L.M. Montgomery on the Love of Trees, and Hurricane Dorian | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  5. Pingback: My Paper was Accepted for the 2020 L.M. Montgomery Conference! #LMMI @UPEI @LMMI_PEI | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  6. Pingback: A University of Prince Edward Island-L.M. Montgomery Institute Timeline (Feature Friday) #LMMI @UPEI @LMMI_PEI | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  7. Pingback: 2019: A Year of Reading: The Nerd Bit, with Charts | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  8. Pingback: L.M. Montgomery’s Rainbow Valley: A 10 Minute Book Talk | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  9. Pingback: Rainbow Valley as Embodied Heaven: Initial Explorations into L.M. Montgomery’s Spirituality in Fiction | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  10. Pingback: The World as a “Vale of Soul-Making”: A Brief Note on John Keats, C.S. Lewis, and L.M. Montgomery | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  11. Pingback: L.M. Montgomery Articles on A Pilgrim In Narnia #lmmi2020 #LMMontgomery | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  12. Pingback: The MaudCast S01E03: Kate Scarth and the L.M. Montgomery Institute #LMMI2020 | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  13. Pingback: The MaudCast S01E03: Kate Scarth and the L.M. Montgomery Institute #LMMI2020 | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  14. Pingback: L.M. Montgomery, the Radio, and Nostalgia in the Podcast Age | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  15. Pingback: Is L.M. Montgomery’s Anne of Avonlea a Sequel or a Prequel? | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  16. Pingback: The Top New Posts of 2020 on A Pilgrim in Narnia | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  17. Pingback: 2020: A Year of Reading: The Nerd Bit, with Charts | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  18. Pingback: “Befriending the Darkness, L.M. Montgomery’s Lived Theodicy in Anne’s House of Dreams” My New Paper Published in the Journal of L.M. Montgomery Studies | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  19. Pingback: “Befriending the Darkness, L.M. Montgomery’s Lived Theodicy in Anne’s House of Dreams” My New Paper Published in the Journal of L.M. Montgomery Studies | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  20. Pingback: 2021: A Year of Reading: The Nerd Bit, with Charts | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  21. Pingback: The Literary Magic of L.M. Montgomery’s Storied Domains: The King Orchard and The Story Girl | A Pilgrim in Narnia

  22. Pingback: A Major Award! My Paper on L.M. Montgomery’s Anne’s House of Dreams won The Elizabeth R. Epperly Award for Outstanding Early Career Paper! | A Pilgrim in Narnia

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.